The Ruger 10/22® has been officially adopted by
the RWVA as the Liberty Training Rifle (LTR)
As the cost of military surplus and new-production ammunition
rises, and while supplies of the same are (at best) unreliable, many
Appleseed instructors and attendees have noted a need for a
cost-effective means of practicing marksmanship, especially at 25
meters. To this end, we have conducted extensive research and
testing of many currently available products.
The following is a
summarization of our findings and experiences in the development of
the Ruger 10/22® Liberty Training Rifle.
Program promotes rifle safety and marksmanship, as well as knowledge
of Revolutionary War history and grass-roots participation in the
political process, especially as this relates to the preservation of
the Second Amendment. Thousands of satisfied Appleseed
attendees have proven that the marksmanship principles that the
Appleseed Program teaches at 25m translate into accurate shooting at
up to 500 yards.
Unfortunately, the rising cost of ammunition
has hindered the participation of some Americans in marksmanship
activities. Proficient marksmanship requires regular practice,
though not necessarily at full-distance. Practice at 25 meters,
fortunately, does not require a full-power centerfire battle rifle;
for this distance, a .22LR rimfire rifle is all that is required.
Moreover, many indoor ranges do not allow the use of full-power
rifles, but .22LR rifles are permitted.
There are several
accurate and durable .22LR rifles on the market today, but the Ruger
10/22 has proven one of the most successful. It is both
affordable and accurate, and several aftermarket accessories have
been shown to make it an ideal platform for a 25m training rifle.
The components listed in this thread should not require any
gunsmithing, and little mechanical aptitude is required to install
them. In short, this is a true ‘do-it-yourself’
This should help you build a rifle that can quickly
be put into service at an Appleseed, be lent to someone at a local
AQT shoot, and be used to practice at 25m (or even use in 25 & 50
yard CMP rifle competitions) - all with cheap .22LR ammunition.
Also, it will give you a valuable tool to use to train new shooters,
without subjecting them to the often-intimidating recoil of a
full-power main battle rifle.
Which 10/22 should I use
to get started? -- There are a lot of options: rifles,
carbines, heavy-barrelled target rifles, even receivers that allow
one to build a complete rifle with custom components. One of
the most-popular options for many adult shooters is a 22”
barreled rifle from WalMart, available for just over $200.
Small-framed adults and children may prefer the slightly smaller
10/22 Carbine. Any 10/22 is a good starting point for your
Okay, I’ve got my rifle. Now
what? – The Ruger factory sights are not suited to fine
adjustments. Fortunately, Tech-Sights
produces several adjustable aperture sights for the 10/22.
These sights allow simple adjustment for windage and elevation
(windage adjustment requires the use of an AR-15 sight adjustment
tool – also available from Tech-Sights). [For those of you who
would like to be able to quickly and easily adjust windage on the
Tech-Sight, DPMS offers the Rapidex knob, which replaces the
standard, must-use-a-tool A1 windage drum (Part# UR-3981, $9). ]
the 22 inch barrel rifle, each click of windage or elevation is .8
MOA. For most standard carbine barrels one click = 1 MOA (at least
close enough for practical applications).
So why do I
want Tech-Sights instead of some other sights? – You’re
free to add whatever type of aftermarket sights you like, BUT the
sight picture the Tech-Sights give you is very similar to the sight
picture of the Springield M1A and the AR-15 rifles. Since these
types of rifles are the ones many shooters use when shooting at
full-distance, it just makes sense to use 10/22 sights that replicate
the sights of their long-distance rifles. Plus, they are easier
to adjust than many other types of sights are.
Williams are an
alternative aperture-type sight, but do not give a sight picture as
similar to your main rifle’s as the Tech-Sights do.
do you take the original front sight off of the barrel? –
One of our satisfied shooters says this much better than I can: “I
laid the barrel on a piece of 2X4, put the punch on the left side of
the sight down on the dovetail part of the front sight blade (not the
base) and smacked it with a hammer two or three times. On my
10/22 the dovetail in the front sight base was a lot larger than the
new Tech front sight. I had to use a center punch to raise up
little dimples in the front sight base dovetail to keep the Tech
sight from falling out every time I turned the barrel over...
remember to use Locktite on the screws as they will come loose.”
The front sight is actually made to go in and be removed from one
side. When installing sights, install from right to left. When
uninstalling(removing) sights, remove from left to right.
other parts should I add to my Liberty Trainer? –
A sling is a tremendous aid to accurate shooting, often improving
group size by 50% or more. If your 10/22 has sling swivels
already, you’re ahead of the game. If not, you need to
add a pair.
Most Ruger factory sling swivels will not accommodate
aftermarket sling swivels (the holes are a little too narrow).
If you want to add the same sling that you have on your long-distance
rifle, you’ll need to add a pair of 1¼ “ sling
swivels (like those available from Uncle Mike’s) so that you
can mount a US GI 1¼“ web sling.
You may have to use
a drill or Dremel tool to widen the sling swivel holes very
slightly. This should be the only time you’ll use a power
tool during this project.
2) As it comes from the factory,
releasing the 10/22 bolt from the locked-back position is a 2-handed
operation, and is especially inconvenient when you’re firing
from the prone position. The good news is, an aftermarket
automatic bolt release only casts about $11 and is easy to
The CST Auto Bolt Stop (http://www.cstmtech.com)
requires the use of specially modified magazines (using non-modified
mags in a CST-equipped rifle may potentially damage the mechanism).
Since the goal of this trainer is to get you out to the range (and
not into the machine shop), you’ll probably be happier with one
of the devices that doesn’t require you to modify your
3) The 10/22 magazine release is also difficult to
manipulate. Without a doubt, an extended magazine release (the
most popular cost about $5-$10) makes magazine changes faster.
If your primary MBR is an M1A, the Bell and Carlson release is very
similar in length to that of your MBR.
4) Many shooters report
improved performance after installing target triggers in their 10/22
Trainers, and while this is not absolutely necessary, it does provide
for improved accuracy due to lightening the trigger pull.
are quite a few magazines available for the 10/22. Which magazines
are the best? -- Butler Creek produces some well-regarded 10
round single-stack magazines which extend about 2 inches below the
rifle, allowing a convenient grip for more-rapid magazine changes.
Their Steel Lips magazines have proven to be nearly as durable as
Ruger’s factory magazines. If you’re an M1A
shooter, the Butler Creek 25-round magazines can be loaded with 20
rounds to simulate the M1A’s 20 round mags.
A device that
allows you to attach 2 or 4 factory 10/22 magazines by their bases is
a available from
there any special modifications that are recommended for my ‘WalMart
10/22’? -- The only real difference between the standard
receiver and the WalMart 22" version is that the WalMart
receiver is painted both inside and out. This leads to rough
operation and early fouling as the oil, powder, and rubbed off paint
mix to form glop, (the technical term). If you strip the paint
from the inside, just the top part, where the bolt and bolt handle
rub, and polish the area with very fine sandpaper, you’ll find
that the bolt is very much slicker to operate.
black receiver should be fine, as they don't paint the inside of
Any other tips on constructing my 10/22 Liberty
1) “I've done a couple of these and in
both cases I went back to the OEM Ruger trigger return spring. I
found that the lighter Volquartsen spring will occasionally just not
quite reset the sear. use the Volquartsen hammer spring, but stick
with the factory Ruger trigger return spring. That's where mine
is, with a decent 3-1/2 lb. trigger and 100% trigger reset
reliability thus far.”
2) “You might want to
consider fully bedding the barrel instead of free floating it.
The 10/22 has a somewhat weak connection point between the barrel and
the receiver. Free floating reportedly can lead to some
POA/ POI and warping issues. On the other had, those who have
firmly bedded it report exceptional accuracy gains. I know this
sounds anti-intuitive, but this gun seems to prefer bedding vs.
I really don’t know how to
disassemble my rifle to install these parts – No problem.
There are some valuable resources available at
. As a bonus,
shows you how to disassemble a factory magazine for cleaning.
like an adjustable stock, so shooters of all sizes can use my rifle –
Several shooters have recommended 2 adjustable stocks: the Christie
Super Stock (http://www.1022central.com/)
and the T6 Stock for Ruger 10/22
get out to the range! And take some new shooters with you.
-- by the Grin Reaper
Click Here for the
The Un-Official Liberty Training Rifle F.A.Q.
Disclaimer -- RWVA, its members, the
Appleseed Program, and the author have no financial interest in any
of the companies listed in this post. Any product endorsement
is purely the result of our own satisfaction as consumers.
thanks to the RWVA members who contributed to this information
(including Atlas Shrug, fordtruck, Hollywood, Junior Birdman,
ken grant, lex, raf, et al).
This Page was created by The Grin Reaper on the Appleseed Project
Forum. That page can be seen here:
And for the official-official story, check out this statement from the RWVA about the Liberty Training Rifle. Its an interesting read. You'll enjoy it - I promise.
Official Post on the Liberty Training Rifle